[ Brungardt ] [ Linenberger ] [ The Origins and Meaning of Heraldry ]

This page is dedicated to the heraldry of the surnames in our ancestral tree.  I have provided the coat of arms and description of the origin of the family name.  You may wonder why you will find multiple coats of arms for some of the surnames.  In my research, I have turned up multiple coats all claiming to be the "real" family coat of arms.  Since I don't know any better than the next person which is the "real" coat, I have decided to publish them all with as much information as I can to their origin, leaving you to decide.  If you would like to read about The Origins and Meaning of Heraldry, you may click the link or scroll to the bottom of this page.  If you have a coat of arms or historical description of a family name in our ancestral tree and would like to present it on this page for others to learn about, please contact me so I may include it on this site. 

Brungardt Coat of Arms 1.jpg (162318 bytes)

The heraldic description of this coat of arms is as follows:

Nuremberg, Bavaria, Germany, 1505.

Arms: Azure, a demi fesse in dexter between three mullets of six two and one, argent.

Crest: a demi Moor in profile, habited azure and wreathed about the temples of the last and argent.

This coat of arms was ordered from based in the United Kingdom.  I have questioned the company regarding it's accuracy based on the coat of arms certificate below that I already had and the color coat of arms below that I found on Brian Kinderknecht's site.  This is their response:

Dear Jeff,

I can first off tell you that the coat of arms that we supplied is by all

means 100% correct, and can be found in J. Siebmacher's Grosses Wappenbuch.

I would be inclined to say that the coat of arms that you are already aware

of is incorrect, the reason being that the arms shows colour on colour (blue

on red), this being one of the rules of heraldry, no colour on colour, and

no metal on metal. Also the wings would seem to be wrong as these would

normally be the main colours of the shield, red and blue in this case.



Brungardt Coat of Arms 2.jpg (18330 bytes) Brungardt Coat of Arms 2 Description - pg 1r.jpg (110441 bytes) Brungardt Coat of Arms 2 Description - pg 2r.jpg (116482 bytes)

This coat of arms certificate was found in my grandparent's (Bernard & Isabell (Linenberger) Brungardt) home.  In my 21 years of growing up in their home town, I can remember this certificate being framed and hanging on their livingroom wall.


Brungardt Coat of Arms 3.jpg (39364 bytes)

Brian Kinderknecht purchased this coat of arms from a company in the states and does not know the wherabouts of the certificate at this time but will get it to us when he can find it.


This coat of arms can be ordered from


Linenberger Coat of Arms 2.jpg (55835 bytes)

The heraldic description of this coat of arms is as follows:

Name: Linenberger

Record: 20962

Lützelhausen, Germany. Arms registered at the Munich Herald¹s Office, registration number 057/6433.

Arms: Azure, issuing from a mount of three coupeaux or, charged with a sprig of three lime leaves gules, a demi swan, wings expanded argent, beaked of the second.

Crest: In front of a branch of fourteen lime leaves or, six in dexter and sinister and two in the centre, two trunks azure.


This coat of arms was ordered from, based in the United Kingdom, the same company the first Brungardt coat of arms was ordered from.



Linenberger Coat of Arms 1.jpg (55375 bytes)

This coat of arms was found in my grandmother's (Isabell (Linenberger) Brungardt) scrapbook.  It was only a copy that someone had sent her in the past.  We do not know the origin of it.

The Origins and Meaning of Heraldry

Joseph C. Wolf

Historically, heraldry began as a mark of identification in social interaction and found its full flowering as a useful art in the Middle Ages, when it came to be used to distinguish the warriors on the battlefield.

Originally, a knight was free to choose his own device, but by the 15th century, the multiplication of arms resulted in the complete systemization of the practice, and heraldry became an exact science. All armorial bearings came to be granted by the King, and all arms, both the recently granted and those established by right of ancient usage, were registered with the College of Arms, if English, or with similar agencies in continental countries.

Even the heraldic terms used became exact and a coat of arms was not described, but was blazoned. Terms for partition lines were developed such as engrailed, nebuly, inverted, dancety, embattled, etc. Charges (figures in the field) were of three kinds: the Ordinaries (chief, pale, bend, fess, chevron, cross, saltire, bar, baton, etc.), the Subordinaries (roundels, fusils, orle, annulets, cinquefoil, etc.) and the Common (hand, fish, lions, bears, birds, mullets, etc.). The colors used were: two metals: gold (or) and silver (argent): and five colors: red (gules), green (vert), blue (azure), black (sable) and purple (purpurs).

The need for this means of identification declined with the passing of chivalry, but the custom was anchored in antiquity and had a definite appeal of its own.

There have been a great many people who insisted upon having a coat of arms, whether they had a right to them or not, and there were also a number of pretenders calling themselves heraldic artists, who were willing to supply anything for a price. A coat of arms does not necessarily belong to a person just because some one of the same surname bore it. He must prove descent from the owner.

Marks and designs were used to mark a warrior’s armor and his surcoat, which was the garment that he wore over his coat of mail. From this use comes the expression coat of arms. These marks were not at first hereditary. They gradually became so, however, and were recognized as evidence of the wearer’s noble or gentle birth. The right to bear a certain coat of arms came to be hereditary as early as 1390. In 1488 the Herald’s College was incorporated by Richard III of England and it was their duty to trace ancestry, to approve coats of arms, to confirm titles of honor, and to examine claims to armorial rights. Some inherit their father’s arms not equally but by law of cadency: that is, each son has added to his inherited arms a particular sign indicating his order of birth.

Women’s rights to coat armor are strictly limited, unless she is a sovereign. She is granted the right to use a coat of arms bearing the arms of her father or husband, but not on a shield. She uses a lozenge, a diamond shaped frame.

Since a woman was not a warrior she could not use the shield, helmet, crest, mantling or war-cry motto. Until her marriage, she used her father’s arms in a lozenge, and oftentimes surmounted it with a true lover’s knot of light blue ribbon. This later, however, has no official sanction.

After marriage, she used her husband’s arms on a lozenge, and continued the practice if she became a widow. Sometimes the husband impaled his arms with those of the wife’s father. At first, impaling was the placing of the two shields side by side, but later it became the practice to place the husband’s arms on the dexter (left as you face the shield), and the arms of the wife’s father on the sinister.

If a woman was a heraldic heiress (having no brothers to inherit the coat of arms) her husband placed a small shield with the arms of his wife’s father in the center of his own so it would show he was carrying the arms for the benefit of his children, the grandchildren of his wife’s father. This was called the "escutcheon of pretense". The children carried both of the arms, which were quartered.

The situation in America was and is somewhat different. While this country was under English domination, before the Revolutionary War. There was some general regulation of the right to bear arms - or at least the rules and the customs have prevailed. Apparently, however, no effort was made by the colonial government to compel citizens to abide by there laws, and as a result, the later colonists did pretty much as they pleased about displaying anything that struck their fancy.

At the close of the 17th century, this illegal use of arms was helped along by an obliging carriage painter of Boston named Gore, who created arms and eventually made a roll of arms which is completely without authority. About a century later, another gentleman, a Mr. Cole, performed similar labors throughout New England.

Actually, the patriots of America who won the Revolution were "traitors" to England, and this fact, in reality, cancels their rights and their descendant’s rights to the coat of arms granted to their ancestors.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the unwarranted assumption of arms reached huge proportions. Most persons took them without a shadow of a claim. Because of American interest in Heraldry, the New England and Historic and Genealogical Society, of Boston, has organized a committee on heraldry. It is the function of this committee to investigate and establish the right of certain American families to bear arms, and it has published a roll of authentic coats of arms. However, such registration has no legal effect, nor any meaning other than that, in the opinion of the committee, such arms are rightfully used by certain families. The committee accepts all coats where descent is proved from a grant of arms where it can be proved that the first comer to this country used them; but if it be shown that such user was without rights, the arms are removed from the list.

The use of coat armor in the United States is a matter of personal taste. There is no American law by which you can obtain a coat of arms, as our government has not ever recognized coat armor. In using coats of arms, we should abide by the laws governing its use in the country in which the arms were granted. The right to bear arms in this country is limited to those comparatively few families who can show a direct descent from an arms bearing ancestor.


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